"""
=====================
Image Deconvolution
=====================
In this example, we deconvolve a noisy version of an image using Wiener
and unsupervised Wiener algorithms. These algorithms are based on
linear models that can't restore sharp edge as much as non-linear
methods (like TV restoration) but are much faster.
Wiener filter
-------------
The inverse filter based on the PSF (Point Spread Function),
the prior regularization (penalisation of high frequency) and the
tradeoff between the data and prior adequacy. The regularization
parameter must be hand tuned.
Unsupervised Wiener
-------------------
This algorithm has a self-tuned regularization parameters based on
data learning. This is not common and based on the following
publication [1]_. The algorithm is based on an iterative Gibbs sampler that
draw alternatively samples of posterior conditional law of the image,
the noise power and the image frequency power.
.. [1] François Orieux, Jean-François Giovannelli, and Thomas
Rodet, "Bayesian estimation of regularization and point
spread function parameters for Wiener-Hunt deconvolution",
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1593-1607 (2010)
https://www.osapublishing.org/josaa/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-27-7-1593
https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00674508
"""
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from skimage import color, data, restoration
rng = np.random.default_rng()
astro = color.rgb2gray(data.astronaut())
from scipy.signal import convolve2d as conv2
psf = np.ones((5, 5)) / 25
astro = conv2(astro, psf, 'same')
astro += 0.1 * astro.std() * rng.standard_normal(astro.shape)
deconvolved, _ = restoration.unsupervised_wiener(astro, psf)
fig, ax = plt.subplots(nrows=1, ncols=2, figsize=(8, 5),
sharex=True, sharey=True)
plt.gray()
ax[0].imshow(astro, vmin=deconvolved.min(), vmax=deconvolved.max())
ax[0].axis('off')
ax[0].set_title('Data')
ax[1].imshow(deconvolved)
ax[1].axis('off')
ax[1].set_title('Self tuned restoration')
fig.tight_layout()
plt.show()