This example converts an image with RGB channels into an image with a single grayscale channel.
The value of each grayscale pixel is calculated as the weighted sum of the corresponding red, green and blue pixels as:
Y = 0.2125 R + 0.7154 G + 0.0721 B
These weights are used by CRT phosphors as they better represent human perception of red, green and blue than equal weights. 
import numpy as np import matplotlib.pyplot as plt from skimage import data from skimage.color import rgb2gray original = data.astronaut() grayscale = rgb2gray(original) fig, axes = plt.subplots(1, 2, figsize=(8, 4)) ax = axes.ravel() ax.imshow(original) ax.set_title("Original") ax.imshow(grayscale, cmap=plt.cm.gray) ax.set_title("Grayscale") fig.tight_layout() plt.show()
Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.270 seconds)