Mean filtersΒΆ

This example compares the following mean filters of the rank filter package:

  • local mean: all pixels belonging to the structuring element to compute average gray level.
  • percentile mean: only use values between percentiles p0 and p1 (here 10% and 90%).
  • bilateral mean: only use pixels of the structuring element having a gray level situated inside g-s0 and g+s1 (here g-500 and g+500)

Percentile and usual mean give here similar results, these filters smooth the complete image (background and details). Bilateral mean exhibits a high filtering rate for continuous area (i.e. background) while higher image frequencies remain untouched.

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from skimage import data
from skimage.morphology import disk
from skimage.filter import rank

image = (data.coins()).astype(np.uint16) * 16
selem = disk(20)

percentile_result = rank.mean_percentile(image, selem=selem, p0=.1, p1=.9)
bilateral_result = rank.mean_bilateral(image, selem=selem, s0=500, s1=500)
normal_result = rank.mean(image, selem=selem)

fig, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=3, figsize=(8, 10))
ax0, ax1, ax2 = axes

ax0.imshow(np.hstack((image, percentile_result)))
ax0.set_title('Percentile mean')

ax1.imshow(np.hstack((image, bilateral_result)))
ax1.set_title('Bilateral mean')

ax2.imshow(np.hstack((image, normal_result)))
ax2.set_title('Local mean')

Python source code: download (generated using skimage 0.10.0)

IPython Notebook: download (generated using skimage 0.10.0)