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Adapting gray-scale filters to RGB images

There are many filters that are designed to work with gray-scale images but not with color images. To simplify the process of creating functions that can adapt to RGB images, scikit-image provides the adapt_rgb decorator.

To actually use the adapt_rgb decorator, you have to decide how you want to adapt the RGB image for use with the gray-scale filter. There are two pre-defined handlers:

each_channel
Pass each of the RGB channels to the filter one-by-one, and stitch the results back into an RGB image.
hsv_value
Convert the RGB image to HSV and pass the value channel to the filter. The filtered result is inserted back into the HSV image and converted back to RGB.

Below, we demonstrate the use of adapt_rgb on a couple of gray-scale filters:

from skimage.color.adapt_rgb import adapt_rgb, each_channel, hsv_value
from skimage import filters


@adapt_rgb(each_channel)
def sobel_each(image):
    return filters.sobel(image)


@adapt_rgb(hsv_value)
def sobel_hsv(image):
    return filters.sobel(image)

We can use these functions as we would normally use them, but now they work with both gray-scale and color images. Let’s plot the results with a color image:

from skimage import data
from skimage.exposure import rescale_intensity
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

image = data.astronaut()

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(14, 7))
ax_each = fig.add_subplot(121, adjustable='box-forced')
ax_hsv = fig.add_subplot(122, sharex=ax_each, sharey=ax_each,
                         adjustable='box-forced')

# We use 1 - sobel_each(image)
# but this will not work if image is not normalized
ax_each.imshow(rescale_intensity(1 - sobel_each(image)))
ax_each.set_xticks([]), ax_each.set_yticks([])
ax_each.set_title("Sobel filter computed\n on individual RGB channels")

# We use 1 - sobel_hsv(image) but this will not work if image is not normalized
ax_hsv.imshow(rescale_intensity(1 - sobel_hsv(image)))
ax_hsv.set_xticks([]), ax_hsv.set_yticks([])
ax_hsv.set_title("Sobel filter computed\n on (V)alue converted image (HSV)")
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_adapt_rgb_001.png

Notice that the result for the value-filtered image preserves the color of the original image, but channel filtered image combines in a more surprising way. In other common cases, smoothing for example, the channel filtered image will produce a better result than the value-filtered image.

You can also create your own handler functions for adapt_rgb. To do so, just create a function with the following signature:

def handler(image_filter, image, *args, **kwargs):
    # Manipulate RGB image here...
    image = image_filter(image, *args, **kwargs)
    # Manipulate filtered image here...
    return image

Note that adapt_rgb handlers are written for filters where the image is the first argument.

As a very simple example, we can just convert any RGB image to grayscale and then return the filtered result:

from skimage.color import rgb2gray


def as_gray(image_filter, image, *args, **kwargs):
    gray_image = rgb2gray(image)
    return image_filter(gray_image, *args, **kwargs)

It’s important to create a signature that uses *args and **kwargs to pass arguments along to the filter so that the decorated function is allowed to have any number of positional and keyword arguments.

Finally, we can use this handler with adapt_rgb just as before:

@adapt_rgb(as_gray)
def sobel_gray(image):
    return filters.sobel(image)

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(7, 7))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, sharex=ax_each, sharey=ax_each,
                     adjustable='box-forced')

# We use 1 - sobel_gray(image)
# but this will not work if image is not normalized
ax.imshow(rescale_intensity(1 - sobel_gray(image)), cmap=plt.cm.gray)
ax.set_xticks([]), ax.set_yticks([])
ax.set_title("Sobel filter computed\n on the converted grayscale image")

plt.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_adapt_rgb_002.png

Note

A very simple check of the array shape is used for detecting RGB images, so adapt_rgb is not recommended for functions that support 3D volumes or color images in non-RGB spaces.

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.662 seconds)

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